Commercial Drone Security Dangers

This is a brief interview about commercial drone threats. During this interview, we contacted a Homeland Security Specialist who is doing an investigation into the Business Administration Field, Homeland Security, Leadership and National Policies. He gives us an approach on how the laws and security breaches into the commercial drone community are still lacking in protecting our citizens and still needs improvements.

The majority of the commercial drone pilots and other recreational users are law-abiding citizens. Those citizens are interested in following the rules that are going to keep granting them the use of their unmanned aircraft. Nowadays other unregistered drone users are buying the devices without informing FAA that they own them just because they want to illegally enforce the use of them. This is a real problem that puts at risk the population of any territory.

The breaking of the established drone laws is putting at risk the reputations of those who are not committing crimes by using the drones. Those commercial drone users are taking advantage of an industry who has one of the most lucrative businesses inside the emerging technologies.

According to Kunal Jain from the drone security company Dedrone (San Francisco), “With drones, whatever security you thought you had is gone.” Security threats are real and they might look like getting them from an espionage movie. Some of the security dangers involved are drug smuggling, low-tech corporate espionage, drone weaponizing, intentional collisions and drone hacking.

The most disturbing security threat is the possibility of a homeland terrorist attack. This type of attacks is already occurring inside military conflicted areas. As law-abiding citizens and respectful drone users, it is imperative to continuously stick with the rules and if someday those wrongful users cross the line just report them as soon as possible. This can help to improve the flaws and weakness inside the drone law.

iPhoneography – The Art of Photographing with Smartphones and its Evolution


A path running towards the Sunset – Wild Life Refugee at the Medicine Park, Fort Sill, OK (Photo by Diane Rivera Estella)

For a period of a few years, it seemed as if every successive iPhone release set a new bar for excellence in the mobile photography space.

iPhoneography is a term utilized to describe the art of photographing with the iconic Apple Brand smartphone. This art is mainly used by photography enthusiasts and many professional photographers. Actually, many people own smartphones and regularly use their cameras to document their daily living such as the food they are eating, when visiting new places, the selfies with friends and many others. But you don’t see often the usage of a smartphone camera to create high-quality images including the artistic capture of landscapes and portraits. To achieve the artistic results with a smartphone camera the same basic photographic rules are required. The rule of thirds, the framing, lighting, camera settings and focusing are part of the image composition.

iPhone photography has grown since 2007 when the original iPhone was released. The camera of the phone only had a two-megapixel camera with a fixed lens with the only advantage of the internet connection capability. This feature opened doors to the social media sharing and interaction. “In less than a decade, Apple’s handset ascended to become the world’s most popular camera”, Mark Myerson said.


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Launching yourself as a photographer with a defined purpose

Jessica and her husband Cesar – Photo by Diane Rivera Estella

Born in the Island of Puerto Rico during the 90s, Jessica Cristina Bonet developed an eye for photography and exotic locations. Her unique eye has contributed to a unique style when developing poses, lighting, and composition for her people-based photography.

All of these elements are carefully planned by her as she seeks the desired result. Those results are inspired by a passionate purpose, a purpose inspired by the way she thinks of uses and captures light.

Her photography business is inspired by a Bible verse:

“Your word is a lamp for my feet, a light on my path.” (Psalm 119:105)

“The light that enters through the camera lens is the one that helps you capture the image on the sensor, so is the light of God that guides my path. As light is an important aspect at the time when capturing an image, it is the same way the light of God is essential on an individual life,” Cristina said.

Her religious view is part of her motivation to want to engage with people, to get to know them and to capture them in the most natural and beautiful way. Her interest as a photographer is targeted to family, couple and baby photography.

“Since I want to photograph the families, couples, and babies, then I think it ties in with the circle of life – from when you are a baby, graduating from school, getting married and having a baby. Also, I think it is related to when God, who guides our lives through his Word, which is the light, and he guides us through all the greatest stages of life,” Cristina said.

Cristina is continuously educating herself inside the photography business and is currently taking a seminar centered on the importance of having a business with purpose and performing with purpose. She has worked as a photographer since 2013, but without a clear idea of her role in the profession. She is reinventing her business and is currently constructing a new website with a renewed photographic style based on her beliefs and focused on family photography.


Cristina and her husband, Cesar, who is in the Air Force, currently live in  Guam with their 2 daughters. The dramatic landscape, beaches, and ocean views have inspired her to develop an interest in aerial photography, something which, of course, her husband supports. Her new and renovated photographic concept is imminently about to be launched this summer of 2018.

“When you have a purpose is when you work towards what you really want to have as a result. After knowing your purpose is when you work towards obtaining the desired results with a passionate dedication.” Cristina said.


The Expert, from being broke to being obsessed:


Sandra Coan Photography 2017
Elena S. Blair/ Photo by Sandra Coan

Elena S. Blair is a well-known artist from Seattle, WA, who is an award-winning Family and Newborn Photographer. Eleven years ago, her life was completely submerged in a big chaos, she was breaking in debt, was working exhausting hours as a registered nurse and had a newborn. At the moment she lacked from creativeness and was suffering from isolation and exhaustion. “Call it what you will, but I don’t believe in chance. Something inside me told me to just go for it. Something inside told me I needed an outlet and perhaps photography was it. I always trust my intuition.” Elena said.

Photography for her is essential to survive but not always was like that, as previously mentioned. Actually, she offers free seminars and tutorials on her website and publishes motivational advice to those who are still failing to launch themselves as artists due to demotivational events in life.

“I have a sincere desire to build community in the industry of photography. I love showing other women that they can pursue their dream to become a photographer and that they can build a meaningful and profitable business.” Elena said.


About Sandra. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Ballendorf, D. A., & Foster, S. (2018, May 02). Guam. Retrieved from

BibleGateway. (n.d.). Retrieved from 119:105&version=NIV

Elena Sanchez Blair (@elenasblair_photography) • Instagram photos and videos. (n.d.). Retrieved from


Drone Restrictions on Critical Infrastructure Facilities

The Oklahoma House of Representatives passed Bill No. 2599 in May 2016, which regulates the unmanned aircrafts flight inside “Critical Infrastructure Facilities.”

HB 2599  prohibits the operation of unmanned aircraft over a critical infrastructure facility.

“Critical infrastructure facility” means: one of the following, if completely enclosed by a fence or other physical barrier that is obviously designed to exclude intruders, or if clearly marked with a sign or signs that are posted on the property, are reasonably likely to come to the attention of intruders and indicate that entry is forbidden or flight of unmanned aircraft without site authorization is forbidden.

The measure permits the government, law enforcement, the owner of the critical infrastructure facility, and operators authorized by the FAA to conduct operations over that airspace. When permissions are requested by private individuals such as commercial drone pilots before conducting any flight, if it is approved by the FAA then it can be conducted over that airspace. Violation of the act is a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment not to exceed 1 year, a fine of up to $500 or both fine and imprisonment.

Federal Action

 According to Dan Shea, Amanda Essex and Ben Husch (2016), “In June 2016, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) announced a set of regulations for the commercial use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), which will take effect on Aug. 29, 2016. The new rules prohibit the operation of a drone over any people not directly involved in the operation, prohibit the nighttime use and prohibit attaching any hazardous materials to a drone. However, they do not specifically address critical infrastructure and facilities—aside from airports. More information on these regulations can be found here.

 Shortly after the FAA released its regulations, Congress approved a 17-month extension of the FAA. The extension included a number of provisions regarding UAS and critical infrastructure, specifically sections 2209 and 2210. Section 2209 requires FAA, by the end of 2016, to establish a process for applicants to petition the FAA to prohibit or restrict the operation of an unmanned aircraft in close proximity to a fixed site facility. The section specifically lists critical energy infrastructure, oil refineries, chemical facilities and amusement parks.

 Section 2210 tasks the FAA with establishing a process that allows a person to apply to the FAA for an exemption from certain aspects of its small commercial UAS rule if the operation of the UAS specifically pertains to critical infrastructure. Such exemptions might be for line-of-sight or nighttime operations. The section also includes language as to what may be considered a critical infrastructure facility.”

 According to Dan Shea, Amanda Essex and Ben Husch (2016), “Fourteen bills addressing drone use near critical infrastructure have been introduced in nine states so far in 2016. That’s more than the total of drone-related bills introduced over the previous three years.

In all, nine states have enacted 12 laws pertaining to drone use near critical infrastructure: Arizona, Arkansas, Louisiana, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, and Wisconsin. Similar legislation has also been introduced in six other states: California, Georgia, Hawaii, Mississippi, New Jersey and Pennsylvania.”

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The restrictions are due to the location and its purpose, like petroleum refineries, which can be found everywhere in Oklahoma, even near a public road. The refineries have a restricted aerial space due to the risks to the surrounding communities.

Some restrictions depend on the location, such as flying over oil wells. These sites have a specific limited aerial space, due to risks involving fire hazard, pollution, and imminent explosions.

Certified commercial drone pilots should be compliant with federal standards; those standards are more rigorous than those for recreational drone pilots. According to Rupprecht Law P. A. (2018), “Federally regulated commercial pilots are covered by a Certificate of Waiver of Authorization for flights anywhere inside the country,”

Critical Infrastructure Facilities are exceptions to the law with the purpose of establishing control over the commercial drone pilots when conducting flights over locations enclosed by barrier or fence. Any unmanned flight is considered an intrusion and forbidden unless a written authorization request is submitted before flying over their premises.


Sources Attributions:

Critical Infrastructure Facility – Improper Use of Unmanned Aircraft – Exceptions – Civil Liability. (n.d.). Retrieved from 1575 1447 1446 1229 1228 1200 1199 1183 1182 1174 1173 1145 1144 1108 1107 813 812 685 684 441 440 414 413 399 398 390 389 365 364 328 327 69 68

Federal Court Clarifies, Limits the Role of Local Governments in Drone Regulation. (2017, October 10). Retrieved from

Fly under the Small UAS Rule. (2017, December 14). Retrieved from

Jansen, J. J. (n.d.). House of Representatives. Retrieved from

Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science & Technology. (n.d.). Retrieved from

S. (n.d.). Oklahoma Public Records. Retrieved from

Section 333 Exemption vs. Part 107 vs. Public COA vs. Blanket Public COA. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Shea, D., Essex, A. and Husch, B. (2016). Drones and Critical Infrastructure. [online] Available at: [Accessed 13 May 2018].

Welcome to the FAADroneZone. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Oklahoma State Restrictions on Drones


The FAA in the one that officially dictates the laws and regulations, those regulations are official restrictions to anyone that flies unmanned aircraft inside the United States. At the moment there are other exceptions imposed to those restrictions depending on the territory of each state.

Some restrictions depend on the location, an example of those locations is; flying over oil wells. Those oil extractors can be found in most places in Oklahoma, in some case even by the side of a public road. The site has a specific limited aerial space due to risks involving fire hazard, pollution, and imminent explosions.

The oil wells are located in community areas, those places are within the non-restricted aerial space, but due to the situation, an exception is enforced. The general drone community is not aware of this type of limitations. Recently the case of a close friend evolved when he was fined inside a Wildlife Refuge due to his unfamiliarity about the law exception inside that place.

On the other hand, commercial registered drone pilots are exempt from the exceptions. The certified commercial drone pilots are compliant with federal standards; those standards are more rigorous than those for recreational drone pilots. “Federally regulated commercial pilots are covered by a Certificate of Waiver of Authorization for flights anywhere inside the country.” – Rupprecht Law P. A.


Critical infrastructure facility – Unmanned aircraft prohibited

As part of the exceptions of law is the Critical infrastructure facility which means that a location which is enclosed by a barrier or fence will consider any unmanned flight that crosses their perimeters as an intruder. In this case, the unmanned flight is forbidden unless written authorization is submitted before flying over their premises.

The only way a drone pilot can conduct a fly over those areas is if they are a registered commercial pilot, then they have to submit a written authorization prior performing a flight. Some locations that are strictly protected by barriers and fences are,

– Petroleum Refineries

– Electrical power generating facilities

– Chemical polymer or rubber manufacturing facilities

– Water treatment facilities, waste treatment plants

– Natural gas compressor stations and liquid natural gas

– Railroad switching yard

– Transmission facility used by a federally licensed radio or    television

– Steelmaking facilities

– Facilities identified and regulated by the US Dept. of Homeland Security.

The hobbyist pilots are strictly vetoed from flying on the premises of the locations previously mentioned.

Additionally, a series of basic rules still apply to those commercial pilots who are granted with authorizations to fly over strictly protected premises. Those are the same rules that any drone pilot has to follow. The basic rules imposed by the FAA to maintain order and watch for the aerial space security are,

  • Maintain a maximum height of 400 feet above ground level.
  • Maintain distance from any infrastructure, including any person or object.
  • Avoid flying close enough that can interfere with any operation.

As today the aerial photography and videography industry is still in development and its demand is enormous but the majority of those who are into that business or hobby are not aware of all the rules, laws, and restrictions that comes within. It is necessary to study and research about this matter before even conducting the first flight. Flying with no knowledge of the law is is not a game it can be entertaining but has a strict responsibility that any drone pilot needs to perform.

Jonathan Rupprecht talks about the global drone market and the future of unmanned flights



Video Source: via YouTube

Video URL:


Oklahoma Drone Laws (2018) -. (2018, January 21). Retrieved March 26, 2018, from

The US Now Has 60,000 Part 107 Drone Pilots. (2017, September 07). Retrieved March 26, 2018, from

Filmmaking Tips & Tricks

Film Look – 5 easy steps

How to get the “film look” in 5 easy steps – with an average DSLR

Screenshot 2017-04-20 17.21.17These days achieving a “film look” is easier and cheaper than you expect. When someone is starting its own business money is one of the biggest concerns. Eskild Fors is a young cinematographer who is an independent Filmmaker and a YouTuber.

His major goal is to educate others on how to achieve quality short films without breaking your pocket. To launch yourself as a Filmmaker is not necessary to buy the most expensive camera, it is all about the technique. These techniques includes; camera setup, different angles, focal lengths and movements with the camera. Also taking in consideration the location (a good location gives you a more professional look), background (should contain depth and perspective, without being distracting).

Source: FotoFors


Step up your Filmmaking : The Importance Of B-Roll

The inclusion of B-Rolls can change the whole Storytelling perspective
By: Peter McKinnon




By RACHEL JELLINEK published OCTOBER 10, 2011

What Is B-Roll and Why Is It So Valuable?

B-roll is the extra footage captured to enrich the story you’re telling and to have greater flexibility when editing. Instead of featuring only talking heads on video, you want to have other images you can cut away to that will add dimension to your story. B-roll can include additional video footage, still photographs, animation or other graphic elements.

Here are a few things to keep in mind when planning your film shoot:

  1. Depending on the type of video you are creating, evenly divide filming between recording interviews and capturing b-roll. In our experience, having plenty of good b-roll makes a video more powerful.
  2. Because the times for capturing b-roll are often fixed (a certain activity only happens at a certain time), start by identifying the must-have footage and inserting that into your filming schedule.
  3. Fill in the rest of the schedule with interviews and nice-to-have b-roll. If you discover, due to limited timing, that you need to sacrifice either a must-have piece of b-roll or a nice-to-have interview, we often recommend sacrificing the interview. The value of b-roll should not be underestimated, not only because it can strengthen the impact of your current video project, but also because it can serve as key footage for additional video assets created down the road.

Get an inside look at the value of b-roll in this video by Rachel Jellinek. Rachel presents two alternatives of a single video–one with b-roll and the second without:

Author: Rachel Jelline

Rachel Jellinek is a partner at Reflection Films. Located just outside of Boston, Reflection Films is a video production company with experience in marketing, fundraising and training videos. Reflection Film clients choose video to share success stories, distinguish themselves from competitors, increase brand awareness in their target market and communicate in a more personal way with their audiences.



Why B-Roll Is So Valuable. (2013, November 11). Retrieved May 12, 2017, from


What I think About Movies

Baby Geniuses – Honest Movie Review

Scientist hold talking, super-intelligent babies captive, but things take a turn for the worse when a mix-up occurs between a baby genius and its twin.

MV5BZmRhMWVmOTQtNjUwMS00MzEwLWFkNWQtNWJlMTk3NDcyYzM1XkEyXkFqcGdeQXVyMTA0MjU0Ng@@._V1_SX681_CR0,0,681,999_AL_Several factors work together in making Baby Geniuses a joyless viewing experience. Let’s start with the abuse of digital effects so that toddlers mouths and actions can mimic those of adults. The result: supposedly brilliant kids who spend their time parodying Saturday Night Fever and musing about “diaper gravy.” The humor seems to be aimed primarily at a young audience, and certain scenes are obviously inappropriate for them. After the genius Sly escapes by stowing away in a poopie bottoms diaper truck he roughs up a homeless man and takes his clothes, then hops in an unattended stroller and tells the infant girl inside, “Look, I got a problem. Take off your clothes.” “Okay, slick,” she says, “but at least you could take me to dinner first.” He exits the buggy a moment later in her clothes. “Call me,” she says. These scenes combined with the dialogue are really disgusting especially when the “protagonist” is a toddler.

On the other side I can say when the movie came out it was something very attractive to the audience to watch movie trailers, the movie previews were very exciting and promising. After the movie came out people were disappointed like myself, I was expecting something else. I am not going to lie, they make laugh but think at the same time that their jokes were too heavy and over exaggerated. The digital effects of the kids mouths and their movements were too much, and make you feel like if you were watching a video game animation. The storyline It was not that impressive and almost predictable.

2 Stars

Source: Baby Geniuses Movie Review – Rotten Tomatoes